Chinese Influence and Networks among Firms and Business Elites in the Netherlands

Cover photo: © Ralf Leineweber
Cover photo: © Ralf Leineweber

The report analyses the connections of Chinese business elites with Dutch and other international business elites, and how these interactions affect the activities of Chinese companies in the Netherlands. Furthermore, the report examines how the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) organises itself abroad and the extent to which Chinese companies in the Netherlands are connected to, or influenced by, the CCP.

The research project was conducted by Professor Frank N. Pieke (Leiden University/ LeidenAsiaCentre) and Dr. Naná De Graaff (Free University Amsterdam). The project was funded and commissioned by the China Knowledge Network of the Government of the Netherlands. The China Knowledge Network aims to increase knowledge in the Netherlands about Chinese policies, motivations and visions, in order to contribute to more effective Dutch policy making. This research by the LeidenAsiaCentre addresses one of the topics that demands more knowledge.

Downloads accompanying the report (list of companies registered in the Dutch Chamber of Commerce with a sole Chinese owner and ownership structures of five Chinese companies) can be found here.

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

VU Amsterdam is a unique university with faculties in the humanities, STEM, social sciences and medical sciences. Our education and research are closely linked. We combine our top position in research with a strong social orientation, which has resulted in an excellent international reputation. Our education and research are distinctly multidisciplinary. 


The aim of the LeidenAsiaCentre is to generate academic knowledge on modern East Asia that can find societal applications in the Netherlands. The LeidenAsiaCentre focuses primarily on East Asia: China (including Taiwan), Japan, Korea and Singapore, but is expanding its focus to include South and Southeast Asia, notably India and the Indo-Pacific. As an independent NGO by Dutch law, the LeidenAsiaCentre identifies topics related to social-economic and political developments within Asia that are of relevance for the Netherlands and Europe at large.